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|· 영문제목||CD74-immunoreactive Activated M1 microglia are shown late in the gerbil hippocampal CA1 region following transient cerebral ischemia|
|· 저자||Hwang I.K./Park J.H./Lee T.-K./Kim D.W./Yoo K.-Y./Ahn J.H./Kim Y.H./Cho J.H./Kim Y.-M./Won M.-H./Moon S.M.|
|· 발행정보||Molecular Medicine Reports|
Activated M1 microglia secrete proinflammatory cytokines into damaged brain areas. The present study examined activated M1 microglial morphology and expression in the hippocampal Cornu Ammonis (CA) 1 region, which is vulnerable to transient ischemia. Transient cerebral ischemia was performed for 5 min in gerbils, and neuronal death in the CA1 region following transient cerebral ischemia was confirmed using cresyl violet staining, neuronal nuclear antigen immunohistochemistry and Fluoro‑Jade B histofluorescent staining. In addition, CA1 regions were stained for cluster of differentiation (CD) 74, a marker for activated M1 microglia and a ligand for macrophage migration inhibitory factor In sham‑operated animals, no CD74 immunoreactivity was observed in the hippocampal CA1 region. CD74 immunoreactivity was not observed in the hippocampal CA1 region until 3 days post‑ischemic insult; however, elevated CD74 immunoreactivity was detected in the CA1 region from 5 days post‑ischemia. Double immunofluorescence staining for CD74 and ionized calcium‑binding adapter molecule 1, a marker for M1 microglial cells, confirmed the expression of CD74 on this microglial subtype. These results indicated that M1 microglia are activated late in the hippocampal CA1 region following ischemic stroke. Therefore, optimizing the timing of therapeutic intervention may reduce activated M1 microglial-induced neuronal damage.